As the construction industry continues to expand, terminology for furniture fittings and fixtures can become complex. Whether it is a table, a chair, or a kitchen, a variety of terminology and nuances can be confusing. As the law governing fixtures and fittings evolves, it is important to understand what is meant by certain terms. In addition to the broader construction terminology, the terms furniture fittings and fixtures and CAWS (Common Arrangement of Work Sections) are important in the construction industry.
Furniture and fixtures can be divided into two categories: free-standing items, and items that are permanently attached to the home. Fixtures are often bolted to walls, while fittings are attached to surfaces with a nail or screw. Examples of equipment include bed frames, sofas, tables, kitchen appliances, and refrigerators. The terms furniture and fixtures are often used interchangeably. Free-standing items, such as lampshades and curtains, are not considered fixtures, while free-standing items like kitchen appliances are usually fixtures.
When negotiating fixtures and fittings, it is important to keep a record of the property. If a property has furnishings and fittings that were not included in the listing, these items may be disputed by buyers. To avoid this, property sellers should create an inventory of the fixtures and fittings before announcing them for sale. If a buyer claims to have noticed a missing item, he or she must pay to replace it.
Furniture fittings and fixtures are legal. If they are not included in the inventory, the landlord retains ownership. They are also known as tenant improvements. Tenants must pay for repairs on these items. The landlord’s responsibility to keep the property in the same condition as when the tenant moved in. Misunderstandings about fixtures and fittings can cause major headaches later. If not discussed properly, they can cause misunderstandings and damage relationships between the parties. It is important to know in advance which fixtures and fittings will remain in the property and which are yours.
While the terms “furniture fittings and fixtures” and “equipment” have different definitions, they are commonly referred to in construction contracts. In some cases, they may be purchased separately from the main contract. Clients with a procurement system can purchase loose furniture fittings and furniture, and specify which contract they fall under. Larger items, however, are more appropriate to be purchased under the main contract. If there is a significant difference in the size of these items, clients should consult their architect.